Highly trained structural engineers design and supervise the construction of large public works projects. Most of the work is in the private sector, but a good portion is from governments.
The structural engineer thus develops the framework of a construction and ensures its stability. Thanks to clever computer calculations, this specialist in materials (concrete, metal frames, wood, etc.) participates in the preliminary construction project. Based on the architect's plans, and before costing the site, he takes into account all the factors (soil quality, dimensions, technical performance of materials, earthquake risks or climatic conditions, etc.) to define the size of the different elements of the building structure and the amount of materials to be used.
He then performs on computer simulations of resistance, deformation and elasticity to test his hypotheses. He also creates the work plan, indicating the location of walls and reinforcement plan, which represents the load-bearing elements of the building. He works in a team with draftsmen. This professional, essential in construction, is sought after by employers.
These projects concern buildings, highways, airports, bridges and dams.
This creative and concrete job consists of:
To practice the profession, a Bac +5 level diploma is required.
The student begins with a scientific Baccalaureate then an Engineer diploma specializing in civil engineering in five years (a 4-year Bachelor in English-speaking countries)
Examples of training in Africa:
The salary range for a civil engineer is 346,465 CFA to 916,447 CFA per month.
The civil engineer can specialize in sustainable development, transport engineering or geotechnical engineering. He / She can work as a freelance consultant or move towards the position of Teacher-researcher in a university or a large school.