Cybercrime: what is it?

February 21, 2021 | by: David Kodjani

Cybercrime refers to all criminal offenses likely to be committed on or by means of a computer system generally connected to a network.

Cybercrime has existed since the creation of the Internet. It is therefore a form of criminality and delinquency which differs from traditional forms in that it is located in a virtual space, " cyberspace ". In recent years, the democratization of access to computers and the globalization of networks have been factors in the development of cybercrime. A cybercriminal is quite simply a person or an organization that uses their computer and technological skills to commit delinquency through this virtual space, often anonymously. It can be to commit frauds like hacking bank accounts, to steal identities or to demand ransoms in order to recover your stolen data… The list of crimes is long! Of course, these net criminals do not attack only individuals, but also and especially sensitive companies or institutions. The computer threat continues to grow. Indeed, the democratization of the Internet, greatly facilitated by the use of networks, has the consequence of developing cybercrime year after year.

Cybercrime covers three types of offenses:

  1. offenses specific to information and communication technologies: among these offenses, we identify attacks on automated data processing systems, unauthorized processing of personal data (such as the transfer illicit personal information),infringements bank card, unauthorized or unreported encryption or interceptions;
  2. offenses related to information and communication technologies: this category includes child pornography, incitement to terrorism and racial hatred on the Internet, attacks on private persons and not public figures, attacks on property;
  3. offenses facilitated by information and communication technologies, such as scams online(cyber scams), money laundering, counterfeiting or any other violation of intellectual property.

More than 53% of the world's population is connected to the Internet, 79% of these Internet users have an account on a social network (3.196 billion), 144 billion emails are exchanged every day. Every minute, 2.46 million content is shared on Facebook, 347,000, 222 photos are shared on WhatsApp, 277,000 tweets are sent, 216,000 photos are shared on Instagram, 72 hours of video are uploaded to YouTube and 204 million emails are sent. According to Netcraft, there are approximately 902,997,800 active websites around the world. With these figures, cybercrime is likely to gain momentum. International fraud on the Internet, computer attacks or identity theft on Facebook… Cybercrime takes on many faces and continues to grow.

Criminals are increasingly ingenious in using modern technologies to commit various offenses. Also, many are those who are specialized in hacking data and computer systems targeting companies in particular.

On the individual side, there are many packages, such as: hacking of data and computer systems, identity theft, dissemination of images of child sexual abuse, fraud during sales through advertisements or through Internet auctions (sale of stolen items or undelivered goods, etc.) unauthorized access to online financial services, the spread of viruses, the deployment of botnets, various and varied scams via email, such as phishing "Phishing", etc.

The anonymity represented by new technologies being a strong asset for cybercriminals, it is therefore difficult to get their hands on it and it is not always easy for the competent authorities to gather the evidence, due to the technicality and the speed of execution of offenses.

But there are, however, a number of protective measures that can best prevent these offenses. To protect its data, for example, a company must use a very secure network security system. For individuals, VPN software is a great way to protect their data and remain anonymous on the internet.

The VPN encrypts your Internet connections and keeps the sites you visit and the information you leave on those sites private. Every piece of information you send will go straight to your secure virtual tunnel. With a secure VPN, you can easily direct your traffic as originating from any of the over 100 countries available. Your computer and your mobile / tablet will be connected to the internet network of one of these countries and no one will be able to intercept your online activity. Simply changing your IP address, thanks to the Le VPN service, is one of the most important steps in browsing the Internet in a safe and anonymous way.

At your level, you can stay ahead of cybercriminals by practicing caution and common sense such as not clicking on links in emails from unknown sources and not downloading anything from untrusted sites. , do not disclose your passwords, login details or personal information and make regular backups of your files and data.

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