The United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 26) is a decisive moment in the fight against climate change. The UK is hosting, along with Italy, an event that many believe is the world's best and last opportunity to bring the devastating consequences of climate change under control.
For nearly three decades, the UN has brought together almost every country in the world for global climate summits - called COPs - or "Conference of the Parties". Since then, climate change has grown from a marginal problem to a global priority.
This year is the 26th annual summit, hence the name COP26. The COP26 will be chaired by the United Kingdom, which holds it in Glasgow.
Ahead of COP26, the UK worked with each country to reach agreement on how to tackle climate change. There are more than 190 world leaders to participate in this conference in Scotland which also registers the participation of tens of thousands of negotiators, government representatives, businesses and citizens for twelve days of negotiations (From November 1 to 12, 2021.)
The UK COP26 team wants to make it as easy as possible to understand the goals to be achieved through COP26. The conference has 4 objectives in all:
The team calls on each country to present ambitious emission reduction targets by 2030 that are aligned with achieving a net zero emissions system by mid -century. To achieve these ambitious goals, each country must :
To the COP26, the countries will work together to encourage countries affected by climate change and give them the means:
To achieve the first two goals, developed countries must meet their promise to mobilize at least 100 billion dollars per year in financing climate change by 2020.
International financial institutions must do their part, and countries must all work to unleash the trillions that public and private finances will need to use to achieve net global zero emissions.
At COP26, all countries will:
Glasgow will be the time for countries to update their plans. These countries came to the Glasgow summit (delayed for a year due to the pandemic) with updated plans to reduce their emissions. But that's not all. The commitments made in Paris in 2015 are far from sufficient to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees, and the window to achieve this goal is closing. The decade up to 2030 will therefore be crucial.
So even though the Paris summit was a historic event, countries will need to go far beyond what was done at this historic summit to keep alive the hope of containing the temperature rise to 1. , 5. The COP26 should be decisive.